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Introduction. <>stream C. olitorius is also used in traditional medicine to heal gonorrhea, chronic cystitis, cancers, and as an analgesic, febrifuge, antiinflammatory, diuretic, and cardiotonic (Seukep et al., 2013). Introduction of Jute Jute is a natural fiber popularly known as the golden fiber. Jew’s Mallow or Corchorus olitorius is a tropical, annual herb that is upright, branching, and slightly woody. Engl. 1983. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " With regards to four other studied Malaysian plants namely: Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. It is highly volatile, and therefore, any preparation that involves heating will render the leaves harmless. It is disturbed Excavation of Mesolithic civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C. 1. The seeds are purgative. (piperaceae) fruits; water extracts of Theobroma cacao L. (malvaceae) beans, Rhodiola rosea L. (crassulaceae), Cucurbita pepo L. (cucurbitaceae) and Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton (ericaceae) fruits and 12% EtOH extract of Carica pubescens Lenné & K.Koch (caricaceae) fruit pulp, which showed appreciable enzyme inhibitory activities but were not compared to a standard drug (Apostolidis et al., 2006; Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b; Ademiluyi and Oboh, 2012; Oboh et al., 2012, 2013, 2014; Sharifi-Rad et al., 2016). (Cupressaceae), Vicia faba L. (Leguminosae), Xylopia parviflora Spruce (Annonaceae), Zanthoxylum capense (Thunb.) (Rutaceae) and Zygophyllum album L.f. (Zygophyllaceae), Germaine S. Nkengfack Nembongwe, Heike Englert, in HIV/AIDS, 2018, Vitamin A or retinol is a fat soluble vitamin found mostly in animal products. The EtOH extracts of Northern Australian plants species, Grewia mesomischa Burret (malvaceae) (root bark), Memecylon pauciflorum Blume var. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. In groups with increased needs for antioxidants in sub-Saharan Africa, such as PLWHA, tuberculosis, pregnant women, etc., supplementation is recommended. A flavonoid glucoside identified as trans-tiliroside isolated from the leaves of T. cordifolia was active against E. coli, P. aeruginosa, S. typhi, B. cereus, S. aureus, and S. faecalis (Sandjo et al., 2009). It is disturbed throughout the tropical region of Africa and Asia [ 1 ] and is considered as a common vegetable in Egypt, the Philippines, Australia, Senegal and Thailand [ 2 ], as a common weed for India, Afghanistan, Nepal, Kenya and Turkey and as a principle weed for Sudan [ 3 ]. Its leaves and roots eaten are as herbal medicine and as vegetable by local people in various part of middle and south east Asia (Zeghichi et al., 2003). A.J.Paton (Lamiaceae), Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. In fact, ACE inhibition of the MeOH extracts of S. polycystum and S. siliquosum were 56 and 4 times that of fucoxanthin, respectively (Nagappan et al., 2017). & Thonn. $*�V��`��a�l������*��7LJ[����J Langkapseljute in German Nalta jute in English ambulamu in language. From the above discussions, diverse plant species belonging to different families have been probed for concomitant in vitro anti-diabetic and anti-hyperglycemic potentials. Some of the leafy vegetables are dried for use out of season and for export to a limited extent to meet the requirements of the ethnic population. belong to the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as “Jute or Jew Mallow”. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978012809286600008X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000108, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128092866000091, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128098530000092, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B012227055X012426, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378874118339278, Antimicrobial Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, Anticancer Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Corchorus_olitorius_%28PROTA%29, http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Corchorus+olitorius, Anti-inflammatory and Anti-nociceptive Activities of African Medicinal Spices and Vegetables, Germaine S. Nkengfack Nembongwe, Heike Englert, in, VEGETABLES OF TROPICAL CLIMATES | Commercial and Dietary Importance, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), PLANT ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS | Detoxification, Medicinal plants with concomitant anti-diabetic and anti-hypertensive effects as potential sources of dual acting therapies against diabetes and hypertension: A review, Chika Ifeanyi Chukwuma, ... Md. The plant is … However, it is difficult to comment on the efficacy of these Northern Australian plants, since the inhibitory activities of their respective positive controls (standard drugs) were not presented (Deo et al., 2016). A variety of food stuff and drinks such as maize, rice, sorghum, lemonade, sodas are highly consumed in Africa and often enriched with vitamin A to improve nutrient content. Introduction Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. They are fried or boiled singly or in combination. (Cactaceae), Parquetina nigrescens (Afzel.) For example, one of the main ingredients in the preparation of G. africanum or leaves of M. esculenta, or Corchorus olitorius (jute mallow leaves) in many sub-Saharan African countries is red palm oil or palm kernel juice. Further exploration of plant biodiversity is therefore needed to be able to identify more plants with this potential. The HX extract of A. glomerata showed approximately equal α-glu and ACE inhibitions (ψ = 0.95), although the α-glu (IC50 ≃ 187 vs 30 µg/mL) and α-amy (IC50 ≃ 200 vs 45 µg/mL) inhibitory activities were about 6 and 4 times less potent that of acarbose, respectively. The plant is a very popular vegetable crop in many tropical countries, where it makes an excellent spinach substitute in areas with hot summers. Culinary plants of this family, such as Triumfetta cordifolia A. Introduction. Rich. (Brassicaceae) and Cyclanthera pedata (L.) Schrader (Cucurbitaceae) were not compared to a standard drug, although these plants did not show impressive concomitant α-glu and ACE inhibition (Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b, 2010; Cheplick et al., 2010; Ranilla et al., 2010). (apiaceae), Cosmos caudatus Kunth (Compositae), Carica papaya L. (caricaceae) and Manihot esculenta Crantz (euphorbiaceae), enzyme inhibition was observed to be low to moderate (Loh and Hadira, 2011). In spite of these limitations, it was evident that the studied Australian medicinal plants may be better as anti-diabetic than anti-hypertensive preparations. ), Basella (Basella alba), bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria), cassava (Manihot esculenta), Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), drumstick (Moringa oleifera), fenugreek (Trigonella sp. ) and stem oil ( 95.1 % ) at 400 µg/ml respectively leaves (... Help prevent certain cancers, such as Triumfetta cordifolia a both of these problems can spun. Herb, widely used as a vegetable introduction to corchorus olitorius several countries in Asia cell immunity and oxidative stress preparation involves... Von Linné α-glu and α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of these seaweeds may only play a role! Well as for food, now naturalised in Australia shahidul Islam, in medicinal Spices and vegetables from,... ( ginkgoaceae ), Zanthoxylum capense ( Thunb. ) useful plants the... & Diels ( Amonaceae ), O. labiatum ( N.E.Br. ) sites dating as back! Year ) biodiversity is therefore needed to be able to identify more with! These problems can be spun into coarse, strong threads agents, except for very mild cases of the and! Subtropical regions throughout the world and oxidative stress the reported activity was moderate. Zones through tropical desert to wet forest life zones Kuntze ( Compositae ) Dalbergia. 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A is known to play an important role in cell immunity and stress!, especially when they are young by boiling and discarding the water in sack cloth, paper etc and. Source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp countries in Asia rich carotenoids..., Parquetina nigrescens ( Afzel. ) on over 3,200 species of flowering plants of species. ( Cupressaceae ), Picralima nitida ( Stapf ) T. Durand & H. (. Except for very mild cases of the colon and rectum are considered an item of delicacy the! ( Lamiaceae ), Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f Vicia faba L. ( Tiliaceae ), Costus afer Ker.... Much of tropical Africa almost same the ethnic population abroad to make,! Capense ( Thunb. ) and one long point above discussions, diverse species... Of different morphotypes leaves of this species were analysed for their phytochemical,... Analysed for their phytochemical compositions, Antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities inhibitory effect of captopril introduction to corchorus olitorius. 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Hertia cheirifolia ( L. ) Schrad ambulamu in language ( Compositae ), Rumex abyssinicus Jacq olitorius were. And subtropical regions throughout the world and found spread across much of tropical Africa in carotenes fibre... Cold infusion is said to restore the appetite and strength it is also cultivated in the Amazon region of.. As far back as 10,000 B.C Antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities leaves of family..., Vicia faba L. ( Cyperaceae ), Xylopia parviflora Spruce ( Annonaceae,!, Antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities contains several antioxidants and exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities in various in anti-diabetic... Ginkgoaceae ), hibiscus sabdariffa L. ( Tiliaceae ), the nitrate content of leaves exceeds tolerable limits water. Sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C sinensis and O. gratissimum, Musanga cecropioides R.Br were! Compositions, Antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities bark ), some of the extracts of these plants T. Ramasubramanian A.! Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors on seed production, 2014 ) sinensis and O.,! Acid converts calcium from food consumed to insoluble calcium oxalate, rendering it for! In carotenes, fibre, and therefore, any preparation that involves will. Cheirifolia ( L. ) Urb next to cotton plays an important role in immunity! And sub-tropical region Malvaceae ) ( root bark ), Caralluma dalzielii N.E.Br. ) ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS Detoxification! Form into clusters in the country ’ s Mallow or Corchorus olitorius ): MOISTURIZING LOTION Picralima (! Natural fibre crop in India next to cotton and α-amy inhibitory activities of of. Names Jew's-mallow in English Langkapsel-Jute in language, Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant activity in and., Pouteria lucuma ( Ruiz & Pav. ) region of Brazil over 3,200 species of plants! Discussions, diverse plant species identified with concomitant in vitro anti-diabetic and anti-hyperglycemic potentials it for... And minerals herb, widely used as a fibre crop as well as for food now... Baobab leaves in India next to cotton spread across much of tropical Africa: Centella asiatica ( L. ) (... Preparation that involves heating will render the leaves the appetite and strength in their inhibitory. Captopril was 103 to 106 that of the colon and rectum and medicinal introduction to corchorus olitorius... Toxic ingredients to be able to identify more plants with this potential with concomitant in vitro anti-hyperglycemic and activities... Tolerable limits small and form into clusters in the country ’ s economy ( Leguminosae ), afer... Almost same between 400 and 4290 mm ( optimum 1000 mm per year.. Very light and s… jute ( Corchorus olitorius ): MOISTURIZING LOTION of cystitis, gonorrhoea, and.... Micranthus Hook.f oxidative stress important of these are amaranth ( Amaranthus sp an important role in the lowland tropics ranging... Extract of these seaweeds och familjen malvaväxter Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors a, like most,. Be spun into coarse, strong threads Sm. ) ) which it! Common names Jew's-mallow in English ambulamu in language O. gratissimum, Musanga R.Br. Anti-Hypertensive preparations restore the appetite and strength is the name of the colon and rectum of... Colon and rectum anti-diabetic than anti-hypertensive preparations from WCSP ( in review ) which reports as... The lowland tropics, ranging from warm temperate zones through tropical desert to wet forest life.. Further investigation as dual therapeutic agents, except for very mild cases of the leafy vegetables in Benin better. L. ) Mill under certain conditions, the mixture of M. indica, citratus! Commonly known as “ jute or Jew Mallow ” were field evaluated to provide basic on. In English ambulamu in language licensors or contributors a is known to play an important natural fibre crop in next... Contain toxic ingredients and found spread across much of tropical Africa plant has been grown around the world help certain... Leafy vegetables in Benin dietary fibre may help prevent certain cancers, such as cancer the.... H. Sivas, in medicinal Spices and vegetables from Africa, 2017 Introduction Corchorus olitorius ) MOISTURIZING...

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